Post traumatic stress disorder effect on the body

Post traumatic stress is a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a scary or dangerous event. Traumatic situation build Feel of afraid during and after this situation. There are second of changes in the body to help defend against this danger. The hormone gives “fight-or-flight” response which is a typical reaction for protecting a person from harm. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they are not in danger. Arousal symptoms are symptoms can make the person feel stressed and angry. They may make it hard to do daily tasks, such as sleeping, eating, or concentrating and stay focused during the day. Cognition and mood symptoms can arise after the traumatic event, but are not due to injury or substance use. These symptoms can make the person detached from friends or family members. According to the National Center for PTSD, about 7 or 8 out of every 100 people will experience PTSD at some point in their lives.

Women are more likely to develop PTSD than men, and genes may make some people more likely to develop PTSD than others. Symptoms usually begin early, within 3 months of the traumatic incident, but sometimes they begin years afterward. Some people recover within 6 months, while others have symptoms that last much longer. In some people, the condition becomes chronic (long lasting) that means PTSD is going through an ongoing trauma, such as being in an abusive relationship; both of the problems need to be addressed. Other ongoing problems can include panic disorder, depression, substance abuse, and feeling suicidal. A doctor who has experience helping people with mental illnesses, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, can diagnose PTSD. The most studied medications for treating PTSD include antidepressants, which may help control PTSD symptoms such as sadness, worry, anger, and feeling numb inside. Antidepressants and other medications may be prescribed along with psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy involves talking with a mental health professional to treat a mental illness. The next step for PTSD research for progress in research on the mental and biological foundations of PTSD has lead scientists to focus on better considerate the primary causes of why people experience a range of reactions to trauma. As gene research and brain imaging technologies continue to improve, scientists are more likely to be able to highlight when and where in the brain PTSD begins. This knowledge may lead to better treatments to prevent the disorder before it causes harm.


By -Dr. Mamta Joshi
Department of Zoology
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital