Eye Disease Caused By High Blood Pressure

Along with causing heart and kidney problems, untreated high blood pressure can also affect our eyesight and lead to eye diseaseS. Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the area at the back of the eye where images focus. This eye disease is known as hypertensive retinopathy. The damage can be serious if hypertension is not treated.

Symptoms of Hypertensive Retinopathy

A person typically won’t experience symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy; it is usually discovered during a routine eye examination. However, symptoms might include headache and vision problem.

Hypertensive Retinopathy Diagnosed
An eye care professional can diagnose hypertensive retinopathy. Using an ophthalmoscope, an instrument that projects light to examine the back of the eyeball, the doctor will look for signs of retinopathy that include:

  • Narrowing of blood vessels
  • Spots on the retina known as cotton wool spots and exudates
  • Swelling of the macula (the central area of the retina) and optic nerve
  • Bleeding in the back of the eye

Symptoms of Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertensive Retinopathy Treated
The best way to treat hypertensive retinopathy is to adequately control the blood pressure.

Hypertensive Retinopathy Be Prevented
To prevent hypertensive retinopathy, keep our blood pressure under control by reaching and maintaining our optimal weight, sticking with a diet recommended by our physician, exercising regularly, and faithfully taking our high blood pressure medications as prescribed. In addition, see our doctor on a regular basis for follow-up care.

By – Mrs Radhika
Department of Optometry Department
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital