Ecofeminism is an activist and academic movement that perceive critical connections between the domination of nature and the exploitation of women. Ecofeminist activism grew during the 1980s and 1990s among women. The term ecofeminism was first used by Francoise D’Eaubonne, it became popular only in the context of numerous protests and activities against environmental destruction. The meltdown at Three Mile Island prompted large numbers of women in the USA to come together in the first ecofeminist conference entitled “Women and Life on Earth: Ecofeminism in the Eighties”, which was held at Amherst in U.S. in 1980. This was the first in a series of ecofeminist conferences, inspiring the growth of ecofeminist organizations and their actions. At this conference the connections between feminism and militarization, healing and ecology were explored.
As Ynestra King, one of the Conference organizers, wrote: ‘Ecofeminism is about connectedness and wholeness of theory and practice. It asserts the special strength and integrity of every living thing.