Nyctanthus arbor-tristis: A Devine Medicinal tree
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis commonly known as Harisingar or Parijat belongs to the family Oleaceae and has a great medicinal potential. It is mentioned as Kalpavriksh or wishing tree, which came out of ocean during Samudra manthan. It is a divine tree with numerous medicinal uses. Its an small ornamental tree with white flowers and its leaves are used for the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, joint pain, obstinate sciatica. The other constituents reported from the leaves are mannitol, beta-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, hentriacontane, benzoic acid, astragalin, nicotiflorin, oleanolic acid, nyctanthic acid friedelin and lupeol.
The paste prepared from leaves is highly effective for treating fevers, high blood pressure and headache. The leaves and seeds contain iridoid glycosides. The decoction of the leaves also possess liver protecting, anti-viral, anti-fungal, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, hypotensive and respiratory stimulant activities. The decoction of leaves flowers is used in treating gout. The leaves also has anti-leishmanial (Acting against Leishmania parasites) activity. White-orange aromatic flowers on oral administration tones stomach, prevents gas formation, astringent to bowel, prevents excess bile secretion by liver, cures cough. The powder of stem bark is useful in treatment of rheumatic joint pain and malaria.