Forest Conservation In India
Forest is very important for everyone because forests are provided us wood and also some home used things. In a straight line it can be said, the forests control floods, drought, soil erosion etc. But it is observed that the forest is gradually decreasing.It is necessary for everyone to take the initiation for the conservation of forest, not only for livelihood but for the future also. The population of India is increasing day by day, so there is great necessity for conserving the forests due to the vast expansion of population. Environmental scientists also advocated that a mature tree gives to the environment following valuables things like:
- Checks air pollution
- Prevents water pollution
- Control moisture
- Prevents soil erosion
- Increases soil fertility
The Government of India initiated some steps to conserve the forests. These are as follows:
- Celebrating ‘Van Mahotsava’ every year during the rainy season when saplings can be planted.
- Emphasizing on afforestation and planting trees on waste lands or lands lying idle.
- Stopping the felling of immature trees.
- Regular measurement of forests areas to avoid diseases by spraying necessary insecticides and forest fire by clearing dry leaves and branches.
- For pasturing the cattle and goats, could be uprooted the roots and leaving the soil loose, so prone to soil erosion. Therefore, animal-land ratio should be strictly followed.
- Most importantly, awareness has to be generated in each person regarding the importance of trees and forest.
Apart from the above efforts, the Government of India has taken some other initiative for forest conservation. In India the fire brigade, etc. copes with such calamity which occurs often in summer in the Chhotanagpur plateau. Recently, satellites have been used to detect and control forest fires. Often spraying of water, foam etc. from motor vehicles, helicopters, light planes etc. is provided. To promote forest conservation, proper utilization and generation, the Government of India has set up the Central Forest Research Institute at Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
Thus, it is our duties to conserve the forests and save the human beings. The Fundamental Duties of the Constitution advocates to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild-life and to have compassion for living creatures.
By – Dr. Neha Saini
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital