Chir Pine-Incredible Gift of Mother Nature

The Garhwal Himalayas embodies a number of forest types that are distributed at various altitudes, Forests are the main source of livelihood of the people living in Uttarakhand. Many types of environmental changes influence the processes that can both augment or erode diversity.Different altitudes and slopes influence the species richness and dispersion behaviour of tree species. Moreover, altitude and climatic variables like temperature and rainfall are the determinants of species richness.Drought indicating factors (length of dry period and cumulative water deficit) were more important for determining species distribution. Forests of this region are mainly dominated by Pinus roxburghii and Quercusl eucotrichophora. Pinus roxburghii is a species of pine, commonly known as chir pine is native to the Himalayas, and was named after William Roxburgh.Pinusroxburghii is the most common resin producing pine species of India. Turpentine has a wide range of uses such as solvent for paints and waxes, for making varnish and medicinal etc. Chiralso provide alternate source of fuel wood and leaves for bedding materials.

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Besides all importance plant also shows beneficial effects in the treatment of cough, ulceration and genito-urinary disorders. Folklore reports suggest its use in inflammations, asthma, chronic bronchitis, piles, diseases of the liver and spleen, urinary discharges, toothache, tuberculosis, scabies and epilepsy.

By – Dr. Sandeep Dhyani
Department of Botany
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital