Carbon Sequestration Through Ecosystems

Several Human activities, such as burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas, have caused a substantial increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which results measurable global warming. All these activities posing adverse effects and responsible for sea-level rise, floods, droughts, increased wildfires, changes in the amount, timing, and distribution of rain, snow, and disturbance of coastal, marine and other ecosystems. This increased carbon-di- oxide continuously absorbed by sea water and causing the ocean to become more acidic, due to this, aquatic habitats are unfit for plants and animals.

Natural resources like forests, oceans, and grasslands etc., captures carbon di oxide through photosynthesis. Besides this some artificial processes are there by which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and stored in other forms. The term “carbon sequestration” is used to describe both natural and artificial processes by which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere or diverted from emission sources and stored in the ocean, terrestrial environments (vegetation, soils, and sediments), and geologic formations. Therefore carbon sequestration is a process of carbon capture, accumulation and long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide and storage in a reservoir.

 

By:- Dr. Sandeep Dhyani
Assistant Professor,Department of Botany
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College of Biomedical Sciences and Hospital