NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF MUSHROOM AND ITS CULTIVATION (BUTTON MUSHROOM) IN PLASTIC BAGS- NEW AVENUES OF JOB OPPORTUNITIES

 

Cultivation of Mushroom is matchless. It is the most effective and economically viable biotechnological process for converting lignocellulose materials into high quality food, rich source of nutrients and minerals which opens new avenues of Job opportunities especially for Agro-Sciences students. Those having no/insufficient land can meet out increasing food demand of our country within limited resources.

Nowadays Button Mushroom is being harvested for its values in pickles, jams and jelly and nutrients supplements for one same purpose multinational companies are coming forward to open new horizons for job opportunities. Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) cultivation in plastic bags which shares about 90% cultivation of mushroom production in India. Mushroom is also known as vegetable meat. It contains most of the essential amino acids in its protein. It Contains vitamins as well as minerals salts.

Mushroom is rich source of essential amino-acids.

  1. Arginine            –    7%
  2. Histidine           –    1%
  3. Lysine                –    0%
  4. Tryptophan       –    9%
  5. Phanelanine    –    0%
  6. Methoionine     –    2-6%
  7. Leueine            –    4%
  8. Threonine       –     2%
  9. Isolucine         –     8%
  10. Valenine          –     65%

Mushroom is rich source of vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins and minerals content of 100 gm fresh mushroom.

  1. Vitamin B (Thiamine)           –  12mg
  2. Vitamin B (Riboflavin)         –  52 mg
  3. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)    –  60 mg
  4. Vitamin K                            –  least quantity
  5. Niocine                               –  85 mg
  6. Calcium                              –  00 24%
  7. Phosphorus                        –  15%
  8. Potassium                          –   15%
  9. Iron                                    –   5 ppm
  10. Copper                               –   35 ppm.

Dr. A.K Sharma
Department Of Agriculture
Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital